| FJ JX | | H cV | FX OcV  | X | UV  | -U-J-Z-
W {J {{A

, { KA B{I ޵ UJZ . ߵ dJWMG UJZ, AM @{A آ W. UJZ d.

v޷tMx A GK V K I.
''޵ ޿ A悿ߵ{
W{ A{ JX AV.
c޷K G, cK,
޷Jբ AKX @X"".

t߼ VշB{ dJK ߿K ''a @X"" K ߂ UJZ . , { ... B BZ I gJ. 

1878 V 16 UJZ ߂. V W K AW GJ޿ z@ܢ. 'GX" KK M. N IV GMN. X BG X {.

TUMZ AG ' "ȿJ rJW UJZ Kޢ @Ȣ ȿ. d cXzU tJ {A. gJa { ȵZ di߂.

UJZ LcX d@ G tMG. Yd . t߼ . 1928W WAJ Yd N{JW d g٢ CJ. { ܵ{޿ آJ޿ ߂ @{޿U ~c {mJa @JA gJ ߂.

J ޵
1909W df ߂ UJ{a JW M޿ZA . cJ A 'cLբ" B ޵BZ g٢ ߂GI. cJA߂U b@ gJ GAIK. ߵW A KMZ dV@ J Ϣ ߂. dV@ȵZA߿ 'ɢ" K c ߂. v J ޵BZ ͵V.

'' W
Z E AMX
dL! dĢ
W ͵ dd"".

d ߵZ
VJBZ: â, `bƢ K ΢, VAmϢ, Wc, Ȣ K BZ, ͢, cc޷, ׵, FdĢ, bJ K ɵB{ Wc޼a c, VMĢ, â, dȢ K ɵB{, {a ߼޵L{, fdwa b , X ߂ K ĵBZ BK @.
޷cߵZ: ޷cL, Vfd΢, dĢ, câ, ܺߵW.
޵c: d޷
~mcBZ: ηϢ, ɢ, , c ε, t@ iX, ޷, ε{, ނ
GA@: â.
cξ 11 ޷BZ 


manoramaonline 2010