Bihar is twice the size of Kerala. A total of 7.2 crore voters, which is again double the population of Kerala, are in the electoral rolls of the state for the assembly elections being held from October 28 to November 7. The forthcoming polls have already attained the status of being one of the biggest electoral exercise in the World held amid COVID pandemic. Here's all that you need to know about Bihar elections.
With 2.30 lakh migrant workers who returned from various states during the COVID-19 related lock down also being enrolled in the voters list, the state this time has a record number of voters.
The term of the current Bihar Assembly ends on November 29, 2020.
122 Seats Needed For A Majority
In the 2015 Assembly elections, the coalition or Mahagathbandhan comprising Nitish Kumar's JDU and Lalu Prasad Yadav's RJD secured a massive victory. However, in 2017, due to differences with the then Deputy Chief Minister and Lalu Prasad's son Tejashwi Yadav, Nitish Kumar parted ways and joined hands with the BJP to retain his power. This time around the state has NDA-led alliance with JDU contesting in 115 seats, BJP 110, Vikashsheel Insan Party - 11, Hindustan Awam Morcha - 6. Nitish Kumar is the chief ministerial candidate.
The NDA received a setback at the last moment after Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) led by Chirag Paswan quit the NDA alliance. He has declared that his party would be fielding candidates against JDU in all constituencies. However, the LJP will not contest against BJP candidates. This surprise move from LJP's side has made the outcome of Bihar elections unpredictable. The LJP decision has already generated a lot of heat in the political circles with the issue being debated hotly during the election campaign.
On the other hand is the Mahagathbandhan in which RJD is contesting in 144 seats, Congress 70, CPI(ML) 19, CPI 6 and CPM 4. Tejashwi Yadav is the chief ministerial candidate.
Vote-share of BJP and Congress in previous polls
Number of seats won by BJP and Congress in last 10 elections
Vote-share of RJD and JDU in last 4 elections
Number of seats won by RJD, JDU and LJP in last 4 elections
Bihar elections are the biggest and first polls being held in India this year and that too in the midst the pandemic. Therefore compared to previous years there will be drastic changes in the way polls are going to be conducted.
Bihar Assembly has 103 more seats compared to Kerala Legislative Assembly. Bihar was one of the states which was severely affected by Covid 19 pandemic. Hence, the people’s mandate is going to be extremely decisive for the political parties. Let’s wait for the results till November 10.